Wonder Comics (Better / Nedor / Standard / Pines)

Wonder Woman was created by the American psychologist and writer William Moulton Marston ( pen name : Charles Moulton), [2] and artist Harry G. Peter . Olive Byrne , Marston's lover, and his wife, Elizabeth , [3] are credited as being his inspiration for the character's appearance. [2] [4] [5] [6] [7] Marston drew a great deal of inspiration from early feminists , and especially from birth control pioneer Margaret Sanger ; in particular, her piece "Woman and the New Race". The Wonder Woman title has been published by DC Comics almost continuously except for a brief hiatus in 1986. [8]

In an October 25, 1940, interview with the Family Circle magazine, William Moulton Marston discussed the unfulfilled potential of the comic book medium. [19] This article caught the attention of comics publisher Max Gaines , who hired Marston as an educational consultant for National Periodicals and All-American Publications , two of the companies that would merge to form DC Comics . [20] At that time, Marston wanted to create his own new superhero; Marston's wife Elizabeth suggested to him that it should be a woman: [21]

William Moulton Marston, a psychologist already famous for inventing the polygraph , struck upon an idea for a new kind of superhero, one who would triumph not with fists or firepower, but with love. "Fine," said Elizabeth. "But make her a woman."

Marston introduced the idea to Gaines. Given the go-ahead, Marston developed Wonder Woman , whom he believed to be a model of that era's unconventional, liberated woman. Marston also drew inspiration from the bracelets worn by Olive Byrne , who lived with the couple in a polyamorous relationship. [22] Wonder Woman debuted in All Star Comics #8 ( cover date Dec/Jan 1941/1942, released in October 1941), [23] scripted by Marston.

Marston was the creator of a systolic-blood-pressure-measuring apparatus, which was crucial to the development of the polygraph ( lie detector ). Marston's experience with polygraphs convinced him that women were more honest than men in certain situations and could work more efficiently. [24]

Marston designed Wonder Woman to be an allegory for the ideal love leader; the kind of women who (he believed) should run society.